The etiological concept of diseases and the methodology of treatment varies among different systems of medicine. However, the mode of disease diagnosis (Nosological diagnosis) is common for all systems. It's a fact that the close association between disease diagnosis and remedial diagnosis prevailed in Modern medicine might not be observed in other holistic systems, however, diagnosis is featuring its own importance even yet in other systems regarding polissonografia brasilia. The mode of treatment might be either holistic treatment, specific treatment, symptomatic treatment and general life support to the patient. Modern medicine gives more importance to the particular treatment, whereas, systems like Ayurveda, Homoeopathy, Siddha, Unani, Chinese medicine, Naturopathy etc. give more importance to the holistic idea of treatment, i. e. remedy section by thinking about the physical, mental and emotional characters and life situation of the sick individual.
However, in these systems also, disease diagnosis is equally important, because, under certain situations, the functioning of the affected organ or the machine of the human body must be backed up. The individual also may require some specific form of support, for that your organ remedies can be deployed. As well as that, disease diagnosis is important for planning the condition control measures, prognosis, special precautions, to learn the life threatening situations, prevention of spreading of disease to others. Diagnosis is very needed for statistics, research and and to fulfill the academic interests. Above all, due to some medico-legal reasons, the doctor ought to know the detailed health status of his patient. Due to all these reasons, disease diagnosis is crucial, irrespective of the machine of treatment directed at the patient.
Disease diagnosis and remedial diagnosis can be viewed as the two sides of the exact same coin, hence, both are having equal importance. Disease diagnosis is performed by correlating the signs and apparent symptoms of the patients (clinical features) with the data given by the bystanders and the lab investigation reports. On certain situations, there might be some difficulty in creating a diagnosis, because, numerous diseases are experiencing almost similar clinical features. Moreover, rarely occurring diseases or a recently emerged disease might not be identified easily, especially with a general practitioner. Under such circumstances, a specialist's opinion might be needed. Very rarely, a group of doctors are involved along the way of diagnosis.
It's difficult to name each and every disease we encounter inside our daily practice. Depending on the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10), a notable percentage of diseases can't be named. Such cases, a diagnosis is achievable in spite of having several health related symptoms in the patient. Since the individual is suffering, he needs to be treated symptomatically. Some symptoms or conditions are wrongly understood as diseases by the laymen. For instance, clinical manifestations like jaundice, fever, vomiting, headache, malaise etc aren't diseases; but clinical manifestations of some diseases. The naming of diseases is performed on several basis. All the diseases are named after the one who invented that one disease (Buerger's disease, Alzheimer's disease, Weil's disease), some diseases on the basis of area where in actuality the disease is common or identified for the very first time (African sleeping sickness, Madhura foot, Japanese encephalitis), on the foundation of some peculiarity of the observable symptoms (Chikungunya), or on the basis of the organism accountable for the infection (Falsiparum malaria, Amoebic dysentery, Bacillary dysentery), or on the basis of the affected organ (Myocarditis, Nephritis, Appendicitis), on the cornerstone of cause(Alcoholic hepatitis, Wool-sorter's disease), on the cornerstone old (Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, Senile dementia), on the cornerstone of pathology(Mixed connective tissue disease, Mucopolyscaccharidosis)etc.
If a group of specific signs and symptoms are within a person, it is known as syndrome (Edward syndrome, Down syndrome, Laurence-moon syndrome). Nowadays, we hardly locate patient having an individual disease, whereas most of patients are having a list of diseases such as for example cardiovascular disease, diabetes, idiopathic hypertension, acid peptic disease, senile dementia, degenerative joint disease etc. Many diseases are classified under certain group of disorders. For instance: Degenerative joint disorders, Inflammatory bowel disorders, Psychosomatic diseases, Life-style disorders etc. Here, each group includes several diseases, but are grouped together due with a common features such as pathological or etiological features.
When a person involves the doctor for initially, immediate disease diagnosis might not be possible due to various reasons. However, taking into consideration the presenting clinical features and history distributed by the individual, the physician will come to a provisional disease diagnosis. After doing the laboratory investigations, the last diagnosis is completed by correlating the clinical findings with investigation reports. However the therapy isn't kept in pending till the final diagnosis, especially in case of life threatening diseases such as for instance diphtheria, wherein the procedure has to be started immediately when the disease is suspected, because, if we wait for the lab reports in the future, the individual may be critical. Some recent laboratory tests help in early diagnosis, but unavailability of sophisticated labs doing such tests is a major deficiency faced by many countries.
The development of science and technology has made a revolution in medical science. Now the concept of disease diagnosis done only on the foundation of clinical examination is outdated. It's now beneath the custody of some sophisticated machines and laboratory techniques, a couple of out of these pose more risk to the health. But, the noteworthy point is, under all lab reports, a disclaimer is written as "correlate with clinical findings", which emphasizes the importance of case taking and clinical examination done by the doctor. In this era, wherein doctor-patient relationship is disrupted, we run into many patients saying that the physician has abruptly prescribed the medicine or referred for lab test without asking much questions and doing any kind of clinical examination.
The recent studies conducted at Mc Master university on the illness diagnosis is remarkable. They unearthed that the name of the condition creates more panic one of the patients. For instance, a person having sour eructation may not feel bad when the doctor says that he has acidity, on the other hand, he might get embarrassed if a doctor tells him that he has Gastro-esophageal reflex disease, that will be the medical terminology for recurrent burning eructations. The same happens in all of the cancer patients; once the illness is diagnosed as cancer, the patients mental and emotional status starts deteriorating. But, a doctor cant hide the disease from the in-patient due a number of medical and legal issues. The higher alternative would be to secretly tell the diagnosis to the bystanders of the patient.
For an accurate disease diagnosis, the cooperation from the patient and his family members is quite essential. Each and every problem felt by the patient should be told to the doctor. Some silly matter for the in-patient might be a vital point for a diagnosis and treatment. Similarly, apparent symptoms of long duration might be ignored by some patients. Purposeful hiding of symptoms can be dangerous. Some patients do not tell the physician about the therapy he'd taken previously. Frequent change of doctor (doctor shopping) also can cause difficulties. During consultation, patients habits, life situations, characters, food and bowel habits, relationship with others etc ought to be told. The reports of previous treatment and investigations must be told, which might save the full time necessary for a diagnosis. Hence always look for a discharge summary while getting discharged from any hospitals. While consulting a physician, always take anyone who knows in regards to the patient. The patient can also note down his symptoms before choosing a consultation, so that he will not forget to tell his symptoms completely. In this busy life, there is a pattern that rather than patient going to the physician, he sends somebody to the physician for a "consultation ".Also there's a rise of men and women preferring over-the-counter purchase of drugs without a prescription.
When a patient dies or becomes serious during the course of treatment, the next phase is always to file a suit against the doctor or by attacking the doctors and hospitals, as a result of a psychological outbreak and a preconceived idea that it had been due to medical negligence. Nowadays this can be a common story in a lot of the news papers. By promoting the doctor-patient relation ship (which is deteriorating nowadays), and also by going back to the "outdated" family doctor concept, we can solve the majority of the health related issues.