Dairy - A responsible business

Click Here to Submit Your Article
Milk has beens a vital source of nutrition to humans  from the beginning of  time. Almost half the milk produced is consumed as fresh pasteurized whole, low-fat, or skim milk. Other dairy products include food products that are developed from milk such as cheese, butter, yogurt, ice cream, and condensed and dried milk. Today, India is the largest milk producer in the world by a largemargin and milk is India’s leading agricultural commodity, produced in about75 million dairy farms, most of which are quite small. USDA Gain report forecasts India’s fluid milk production in 2018 to increase by around 4.4% to 167 million metric tons (MMT) assuming a normal monsoon. Moreover, demand for most of the value-added milk products is rising with growing incomes, urbanization, and demographic changes.   When so many individuals can be affected, it becomes the responsibility of dairy businesses to maintain the quality of dairy products using various food processing and preservation techniques and focus on food safety. A lot of pathogens can contaminate milk and dairy products and cause disease as these s are among the most important as well as easy carriers of foodborne diseases. Thus, dairy equipment manufacturers are required to understand these needs of the dairy business and devise innovative solutions for the same.   One of the food processing technique used by dairy businesses is Pasteurization. It involves heat treatment of a product to reduce enzymatic activity and kill pathogenic bacteria. It basically makes the product safe for consumption and increases its shelf life. For instance, pasteurization of yogurt milk enables the yogurt culture to grow and makes the product more viscous as well as  stable. Raw milk from cows, sheep, or goats that has not been pasteurized can carry dangerous and harmful bacteria such as Salmonella, E. coli, and Listeria, which cause numerous foodborne illnesses. Therefore, the health of all the individuals consuming dairy product largely depends upon the efficiency of the pasteurization equipment.